ethanol and the world food shortage
The Pump Handle has an excellent summary on the Washington Post’s series on the global food crisis. I found the section on Ethanol policies particularly interesting (though something a lot of us feared from the get-go):
Rising food prices have given Congress and the White House a sudden case of legislative indigestion. In 2005, the Republican-led Congress and President Bush backed a bill that required widespread ethanol use in motor fuels. Just four months ago, the Democratic-led Congress passed and Bush signed energy legislation that boosted the mandate for minimum corn-based ethanol use to 15 billion gallons, about 10 percent of motor fuel, by 2015…
Now, however, the legislation is being criticized for making food more expensive while gasoline prices continue to climb. Rick Perry, a Republican who succeeded Bush as Texas governor, has asked the Environmental Protection Agency to waive half of the “misguided” ethanol requirements because of rising food costs; every penny increase in per-bushel corn prices costs his state’s livestock industry $6 million a year, he said.
Although ethanol was once promoted as a way to slow climate change, a study published in Science magazine Feb. 29 concluded that greenhouse-gas emissions from corn and even cellulosic ethanol “exceed or match those from fossil fuels and therefore produce no greenhouse benefits.” By encouraging an expansion of acreage, the study added, the use of U.S. cropland for ethanol could make climate conditions dramatically worse. And the runoff from increased use of fertilizers on expanded acreage would compound damage to waterways all the way to the Gulf of Mexico.
As one of the Pump Handle commentors said, I never thought I’d find myself in agreement with a Republican Governor of Texas! Ethanol was a bad and unnecessary alternative fuel choice, and we’re paying for it environmentally and with quite a bit more hunger around the world.